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燕过寒潭

LEANING INTO THE LI g h t

http://i.mtime.com/Edith/

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Rainer Maria Rilke

Rainer Maria Rilke (also Rainer Maria von Rilke) (4 December 1875 – 29 December 1926) is considered one of the German language's greatest 20th century poets. His haunting images focus on the difficulty of communion with the ineffable in an age of disbelief, solitude, and profound anxiety — themes that tend to position him as a transitional figure between the traditional and the modernist poets.

 

In 1897 in Munich, Rainer Maria Rilke met and fell in love with the widely traveled intellectual and lady of letters Lou Andreas-Salome (1861-1937). (Rilke changed his first name from "René" to the more masculine Rainer at Lou's urging.) His relationship with this married woman, with whom he undertook two extensive trips to Russia, lasted until 1900. But even after their separation, Lou continued to be Rilke's most important confidante until the end of his life. Having trained from 1912 to 1913 as a psychoanalyst with Sigmund Freud, she shared her knowledge of psychoanalysis with Rilke.

 

In 1898, Rilke undertook a journey lasting several weeks to Italy. In 1899, he traveled with Lou and her husband, Friedrich Andreas, to Moscow where he met the novelist Leo Tolstoy. Between May and August 1900, a second journey to Russia, accompanied only by Lou, again took him to Moscow and Saint Petersburg, where he met the family of Boris Pasternak and Spiridon Drozhzhin, a peasant poet. Later, "Rilke called two places his home: Bohemia and Russia".

 

In autumn 1900, Rilke stayed at the artists' colony at Worpswede, where his portrait was painted by the proto-expressionist Paula Modersohn-Becker (illus. above). It was here that he got to know the sculptress Clara Westhoff (1878-1954), whom he married the following spring. Their daughter Ruth (1901-1972) was born in December 1901. However, Rilke was not one for a middle-class family life; in the summer of 1902, Rilke left home and traveled to Paris to write a monograph on the sculptor Auguste Rodin (1840-1917). Still, the relationship between Rilke and Clara Westhoff continued for the rest of his life.

 

Rilke often worked with metaphors, metonymy and contradictions (e. g. as in his epitaph, rose is represented as a symbol of sleep - rose petals remind of closed eye lids, and of awakened senses - colour, scent and fragility of a rose).

Rilke's 1898 poem, "Visions of Christ" depicted Mary Magdalene as the mother to Jesus' child.

 

Quoting Susan Haskins:

It was Rilke's explicit belief that Christ was not divine, was entirely human, and deified only on Calvary, expressed in an unpublished poem of 1893, and referred to in other poems of the same period, which allowed him to portray Christ's love for Mary Magdalene, though remarkable, as entirely human.

2009-06-04 18:14回复(0)|收藏(0)|149次阅读
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哈勃,原来如是!

Edwin Hubble made his most important discoveries in the nineteen twenties. Today, other astronomers continue the work he began. Many of them are using the Hubble space telescope that is named after him.

  

Edwin Hubble

Edwin Hubble

 

Edwin Powell Hubble was born in eighteen eighty-nine in Marshfield, Missouri. He spent his early years in the state of Kentucky.  Then he moved with his family to Chicago, Illinois. He attended the University of Chicago. He studied mathematics and astronomy.

 

Hubble was a good student. He was a good athlete, too. He was a member of the University of Chicago championship basketball team in nineteen-oh-nine. He also was an excellent boxer. Several people urged him to train for the world heavyweight boxing championship after college. Instead, he decided to continue his studies. He went to Queen's College at Oxford, England.

 

At Oxford, Hubble studied law. He was interested in British Common Law, because his family had come to America from England many years before. He spent three years at Oxford.

 

In nineteen thirteen, Hubble returned to the United States. He opened a law office in Louisville, Kentucky. After a short time, however, he decided he did not want to be a lawyer. He returned to the University of Chicago. There, once again, he studied astronomy.

 

In nineteen seventeen, the United States was fighting in World War One in Europe. Edwin Hubble joined the American army and served in France.

 

Earlier, astronomer George Ellery Hale had offered Hubble a position at the Mount Wilson Observatory in southern California.   When Hubble returned to the United States after World War One, he accepted Hale's offer. Hubble was thirty years old. He was just beginning the work that would make him famous.

 

He proved wrong those who believed nebulae lay inside the Milky Way. And he proved that nebulae were galaxies themselves.

 

Hubble discovered that the farther away a galaxy is, the greater its speed. This scientific rule is called "Hubble's Law."

 

Hubble's discovery meant a major change in our idea of the universe. The universe had not been quiet and unchanging since the beginning of time, as many people had thought. It was expanding. And that, Hubble said, meant it probably began with an explosion of unimaginable force. The explosion often is called "the big bang."

 

Hubble left the Mount Wilson Observatory during World War Two. He did research for the United States War Department. He returned after the war. Then, he spent much of his time planning a new, much larger telescope in southern California. The telescope was completed in nineteen forty-nine. It was named after astronomer George Ellery Hale.

 

Edwin Hubble was the first person to use the Hale Telescope. He died in nineteen fifty-three while preparing to spend four nights looking through the telescope at the sky.

 

哈勃于20世纪20年代末做出他最重要的发现。今天,其他的天文学家继续着他开始的工作。他们之中很多人用着以哈勃命名的哈勃太空望远镜。

 

埃德温·鲍威尔·哈勃是美国天文学家。他改变了我们对宇宙及宇宙是如何形成的的看法。哈勃出生于密苏里州,早年生活于肯塔基州,后随家人搬到伊利诺伊州的芝加哥,并就读于芝加哥大学,主攻数学和天文学。

 

哈勃学业优异,体育也不赖。他是芝加哥大学1909年冠军篮球队的一名队员。他还是一个卓越的拳击手(哎,文武双全的男人,流口水)。好几个人鼓动他大学毕业后为参加世界重量级拳击锦标赛训练。不过,他选择了继续学业。哈勃去了英国牛津的皇后学院。

 

在牛津,哈勃学习的是法律。他对英国的习惯法很感兴趣(兴趣真广泛!),因为他一家人是英国后裔。他在牛津呆了三年。

 

1913年,哈勃回到美国。他在肯塔基州的路易斯维尔开了间律师事务所。然而,哈勃很快就发现他并不想成为一名律师。他又回到芝加哥大学,再一次攻读天文学。

 

1917年,美国加入一战在欧洲的战场。哈勃加入美国陆军,服役于法国。

 

早些时候,天文学家乔治·艾勒里·赫尔曾给哈勃提供一个位于加州南部的威尔逊山天文台的一个职位。当哈勃于一战后回到美国,他接受了赫尔德的邀请。哈勃当年正当而立,他刚刚开始将最终使他成名的工作。

 

哈勃证实“星云位于银河系之中”是一种谬误,而星云本身就是星系。

 

哈勃发现一个星系距离越远,它的速度就越大。这项科学法则被称为哈勃定律。

 

哈勃的发现意味着我们对宇宙的概念的将发生一个转折性的变化。宇宙不是如很多人所想自时间之始就一直是安静,没有变化的。它一直在膨胀。而这意味着也许宇宙开始于一个未知的力量的爆炸。这个爆炸常常被称为“宇宙大爆炸”。

 

哈勃于二战中离开威尔逊山天文台的职位。这段时间中他为美国陆军部做研究。他于二战后回到岗位。之后,他将大部分时间忙于在南加州发明一个新的、更大的望远镜。这个望远镜于1949年完成。它以天文学家赫尔命名。

 

哈勃是第一个用赫尔望远镜的人。他死于1953年,死时仍在为连续四晚通过望远镜瞭望星空作准备。

2009-05-11 08:06回复(0)|收藏(0)|164次阅读
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Oh, My Goddess!

Turner met Johnny Stompanato during the spring of 1957, shortly after ending her marriage to Lex Barker. At first, Turner was susceptible to Stompanato's good looks and prowess as a lover, but after she discovered his ties to the LA underworld (in particular, his association with gangster Mickey Cohen), she tried to break off the affair out of fear of bad publicity. Stompanato was not easily deterred, however, and over the course of the following year, he and Turner carried on a relationship filled with violent arguments, physical abuse, and repeated reconciliations.

 

In the fall of 1957, Stompanato followed Turner to England where she was filming Another Time, Another Place, costarring Sean Connery, later of James Bond fame. Fearful that Turner was having an affair with Connery, Stompanato stormed onto the set brandishing a gun. Connery managed to land a single punch to Stompanato's jaw and took away his gun. Stompanato was soon deported by Scotland Yard for the incident.

 

On the evening of April 4, 1958, Turner and Stompanato began a violent argument in Turner's house at 730 N. Bedford Drive in Beverly Hills. Fearing her mother's life was in danger, Turner's then 14-year-old daughter, Cheryl Crane grabbed a kitchen knife and ran to Turner's defense.

 

Many theories abound as to what happened afterward, but it appears Crane stabbed Stompanato, killing him. The case quickly became a media sensation. It was later deemed a justifiable homicide at a coroner's inquest, at which Turner provided dramatic testimony. Some observers have said her testimony that day was the acting performance of her life.

2009-04-21 00:47回复(1)|收藏(0)|100次阅读
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Jerry Lewis

The '09 Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award went to famous comdian Jerry Lewis. He said:“I shall pass through this world but once. Any good, therefore, that I can do or any kindness that I can show to any human being, let me do it now. Let me not defer nor neglect it, for I shall not pass this way again!”

 

我在这世上不过停驻一程。因此,我所能为人类做的任何好事,或向任何一个人展现的善意,让我现在就付诸行动吧。我不会拖延或敷衍,因为我不会再有一次机会度过此生!

2009-03-27 15:11回复(0)|收藏(0)|105次阅读
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奈何花落1319231 (铜陵)

女