网站地图
首页
新闻
电影新闻
电视新闻
人物新闻
专题策划
影评
最新影评
新片热评
经典赏析
媒体评论
电影院
北京影讯
上海影讯
广州影讯
深圳影讯
成都影讯
电影库
典藏佳片
全球新片
即将上映
票房榜
社区
日志
相册
电影
好友
专辑
收藏
影视杂谈
明星时尚
文化休闲
群组
话题
达人
排行榜
电影榜
电视榜
人物榜
日志榜
话题榜

Robert Hoo

宇宙从一个点开始,还会以一个点结束

http://i.mtime.com/roberthoo/

您当前的位置: 社区>> 博客>>

编辑 | 删除 Interstellar:MTV对于Interstellar的解释

RobertHoo 发布于:

原文:http://www.mtv.com/news/articles/1699998/christopher-nolan-interstellar-a-nerds-guide.jhtml

Christopher Nolan's 'Interstellar': A Nerd's Guide

'Inception' director is potentially tackling time travel next, so it's time to study up

 

      And you thought "Inception" was complicated! If director Christopher Nolan signs on to helm "Interstellar," based on a script by his brother Jonathan that incorporates the theories of Kip Thorne, the many dream levels of his 2010 hit could seem like a piece of layered cake comparatively.

 

      From the initial reports of Nolan's involvement, there's not much information, but there's more than enough to get excited over. "The story involves time travel and alternate dimensions and sees a group of explorers travel through a wormhole," reads the Hollywood Reporter write-up. The only other parcel of info comes from the name Kip Thorne, a Caltech theoretical physicist, gravitational physicist and astrophysicist. As is traditional with Nolan films, you have to go deeper.

 

      In the realm of theoretical/astro/gravitational physicists, there are few names — Einstein and Hawking among them — bigger than Thorne. That's because his most well-known work, which has dealt with black holes, wormholes and time travel, is often credited with bringing legitimacy to discussions that previously only took place in the line for the bathroom at sci-fi conventions. So if "Interstellar" is the next Nolan endeavor, it's time to familiarize yourself with Thorne and how his work could make for one badass movie:

 

Wormholes


      We start with a term that most sci-fi fans are at least vaguely familiar with, and Thorne (along with "Contact" author Carl Sagan) is the reason. Wormholes, also known as Einstein-Rosen Bridges, are theoretical shortcuts through space. By entering a wormhole, you could in theory cover enormous distances with minimal effort. The most recent cinematic Einstein-Rosen Bridge allowed Thor to travel from Asgard in a matter of seconds.

 

      In terms of what a wormhole might mean for "Interstellar," the secret could lie in the title. "Interstellar" literally means "located, taking place or traveling among the stars." If our heroes are going to travel among stars, a wormhole may be the only realistic mode of transportation, unless it's a really, really long movie. Nolan would have to employ some serious fiction for this science, since wormholes are still hypothetical at this point and certainly not under our control.

 

Time Travel


      So wormholes are cool, but where does Thorne come in? The concept that Thorne explored when it comes to wormholes incorporated elements of Einstein's theory of relativity and the so-called "twins paradox," where a man travels the universe at the speed of light for a short period time and returns to Earth to find thousands of years have passed. As Thorne explains in his fantastic article "Is time travel allowed?," if that man takes one end of a wormhole with him in his ship, he can create a time machine.

 

      Let's say two brothers — Christian Bale and Joseph Gordon-Levitt for our purposes — both have wormholes that are connected to each other. When you enter the wormhole in Gordon-Levitt's house and walk a short distance, you end up in Bale's spaceship, which actually sits many miles away. After Bale takes his spaceship and his wormhole on that same trip around the universe and returns home, the wormholes have aged in the same manner that their owners have in the previous example, and you have yourself a time machine. Moving from Bale's to Gordon-Levitt's wormhole pushes you forward in time, while going in the opposite direction takes you backward.

 

      With this idea, Nolan can essentially do anything. Just as the mechanics of entering someone's dream in "Inception" opened up creative doors, controlling interspace time travel is a subject waiting for the Nolan treatment. Considering the director's love for family issues, don't be surprised if the twins paradox finds some kind of literal Nolanian interpretation. You can hear the "Inception" horns already, can't you?

 

 

Alternate Dimensions


      Here's where things get really interesting: The physicists who have studied wormhole time travel and the theory in general disagree on whether a time paradox is possible — you know, the kind Doc Brown in "Back to the Future" kept raving about. What happens if you go back in time and accidentally prevent your own birth? It's this question that divides theoretical physicists and sci-fi movies.

Thorne, like Stephen Hawking, doesn't believe time travel is possible under the laws of physics, but there are some who have found reasoning to believe that any tampering with chronology wouldn't cause time to collapse in on itself, but rather cause the creation of an infinite number of alternate timelines, where whatever happened in your past doesn't matter and anything is changeable. Can you see where this is going? BRAAAAHM

Even at an elementary level of explaining Thorne's theories, the concepts seem rife for a sci-fi take from Christopher Nolan, especially when you start to consider what he did with dreams and "Inception." We'll have to wait and see what (if anything) becomes of "Interstellar," but until then, if you're looking for more of Thorne's work, his most famous book "Black Holes and Time Warps" is a great place to start.

 

翻译:

 

你觉得《盗梦空间》很复杂吗?如果诺兰真的开始制作Interstellar这部电影,基于乔纳森诺兰的剧本好Kip Thorne的理论,相比较之下2010年的梦境之旅则将成为小菜一碟。

关于诺兰方面的声明,信息量并不大,“这个故事包含了时间旅行、多维空间、一小组人穿越虫洞等等”THR就这么说。而其它的信息则是来源于Kip Thorne这位计算理论物理学家、引力理论物理学家及天文学家的理论。而根据诺兰电影的一贯风格,你必须要走得更深一些。

在理论物理、天文学和引力理论物理学家的王国内,你肯定听说过爱因斯坦和霍金的名字,Kip Thorne好像不是那么响亮,这是因为他很多出色的工作全部是基于黑洞、虫洞和时间旅行,并经常带来一些在卫生间实现科幻规律合理性的讨论。

 

 

 

虫洞

 

这是一个科幻粉丝们非常熟悉的一个概念,正是因为Kip Thorne。虫洞,又名Einstein-Rosen桥,是空间的理论捷径。进入虫洞后,理论上可以用最小的代价穿越最长的空间距离,目前最近的电影中的虫洞描述了雷神托尔穿越虫洞来到地球仅花了数秒时间。

 

那么Interstellar中的虫洞又会是怎么样的呢?秘密就在电影的名字之中,Interstellar在文字上意义就是“居住于、发生在或旅行于星球之间”,如果我们的英雄想在星球间旅行,虫洞将会成为最理想的交通工具,除非这是一部非常之长的电影。诺兰将会对于这个科学幻想虚构很多的情节,因为虫洞目前依旧是一个假设,而且还不能由人们操控的。

 

 
时间旅行


 

虫洞是很酷,但是进入虫洞后会发生什么呢?Kip Thorne的理论描述了进入虫洞后将会发生一些与爱因斯坦相对论有关的事情,我们称之为“双生子悖论”的效应,当人们以光速在太空中旅行数秒钟的时间回到地球后时间可能已经过去了几千年,于是Kip Thorne在他的文章“时间旅行是可行的吗?”中解释,如果能为他的飞船找一个虫洞的终点,就相当于制造了一部时光机。

 

假设有两个兄弟——克里斯蒂安贝尔和囧瑟夫——他们通过虫洞来彼此联系,当你进入囧瑟夫屋子里面的虫洞,然后经过非常短的路程就来带贝尔的飞船,而实际上他们离得很远,当贝尔的飞船带着他的虫洞在宇宙中旅行了一大圈儿之后回到家,而虫洞与他们主人一样的方式老去,那么你就拥有了你的时光机器。从贝尔到囧瑟夫的虫洞是时间正向的话,反过来就是反向。

 

基于这个想法,诺兰可以创作很多东西。就像在Inception中利用某个机器进入某人的梦境一样打开了一扇极具创造力的大门,控制空间中时间旅行这个课题已经在等待着诺兰先生来解决了,基于诺兰对于家庭题材的热爱,当“双生子悖论”出现在诺兰德著作之中的时候你千万不要惊讶。你已经又听到了“Inception”号角的响起,没有吗??

 

 
交替维度

 

这里有很多东西非常有趣:那些研究虫洞时间旅行的物理学家们都不认同一个可能的时间悖论——你知道的,就是《回到未来》中布朗博士的胡言乱语。你回到了过去并不小心阻止了你的出生?这是一个区分物理学家和科幻电影的问题。

 

Kip Thorne,一个类似于霍金的物理学家,并不相信时间旅行会遵循物理定律,但这里可以相信的是年代的干扰不会导致时间自身的崩溃,而更可能的是导致了更多时间维度的产生,你过去发生的事情不会**扰而且不会有任何变化,你发现这会发生什么??想想吧!!

 

如果你想知道更多,请阅读Kip Thorne的著作——Black Holes and Time Warps(应该能买得到)

 

星际穿越 Interstellar(2014)

8 .8 / 10 .0

星际穿越(2014)

影评(786)

收藏(8550)

回复 (12) | 收藏 (2) | 1498 次阅读 |

RobertHoo (郑州)

男 双子座

谁收藏了这篇日志